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Nuremberg trials

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Criminal proceedings against the principal surviving representatives of the former Nazi regime (see nazism ) that were conducted in Bavaria from November 1945 to April 1949. In the opening phase, lasting until October 1946, those cases accorded highest priority were amalgamated into a single set of hearings before a specially-constituted International Military Tribunal (IMT). The membership of this unprecedented body, like that of the prosecuting teams, was supplied by the four powers occupying Germany at the end of world war ii . Despite having begun by advocating merely some form of summary execution, the British government eventually agreed with the USA, the Soviet Union, and France about mounting a full-scale judicial action. Together they pressed charges concerning conspiracy, crimes against peace, and war crimes, as well as ones newly categorized as “crimes against humanity.” The final roster of 22 defendants included goering , hess , ribbentrop , papen , and speer , together with bormann who was tried in absentia . The concluding judgment produced twelve sentences of death and seven of imprisonment, together with three acquittals. The court also formally proclaimed the criminality of certain Nazi organizations (e.g. the schutzstaffel (SS) and the gestapo ). During the hearings most of the accused had unconvincingly denied any significant knowledge of the worst ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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