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Olmütz agreement

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Compact of November 29, 1850, between Austria and Prussia to restore the german confederation that had been disbanded during the revolutions of 1848–9. Amidst those events, frederick william iv of Prussia had refused the crown of a “little” Germany from popular assemblies. Instead, he had taken the lead in creating the erfurt union , a federation initially comprising 17 states. Having quelled revolution in Hungary and Italy and being now increasingly sure of support from reactionary Russia, the Austrian habsburg empire was not prepared to tolerate this challenge to its ascendancy in German affairs. In September 1849, it reached an “interim agreement” with Prussia on joint administration of Germany. When this arrangement expired in May 1850, Austria was confident enough to revive the old Diet at Frankfurt, something which Prussia refused to join. War threatened, exacerbated by events in schleswig-holstein and, even more critically, in Hesse-Cassel. Here the Elector, at odds with his subjects, appealed to the German Confederation for help in restoring order – a request to which Austria quickly responded. Prussia, however, was not prepared to permit Habsburg troops to occupy a vital area linking the Rhineland with Brandenburg. As war seemed inevitable, Frederick William IV pulled back and accepted a federal resolution to the Hesse-Cassel issue. In the subsequent “Punctuation” ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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