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The Quadrilateral

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Name applied to the four fortress-towns in Lombardy-Venetia (Peschiera, Verona, Mantua, and Legnano) that were crucial to the habsburg empire's control of northern Italy in the mid-nineteenth century. During the revolutions of 1848–9 all but the first provided a continuously secure base for the Austrian troops commanded by radetzsky in their campaign against the army of piedmont-sardinia . The Quadrilateral was also vital to defensive strategy in the less successful franco-austrian war of 1859, before being finally relinquished when Venetia was lost at the end of the austro-prussian war of 1866. (See also italian unification ) ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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