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Aehrenthal, Alois Baron Lexa von

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DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


(1854–1912), Foreign Minister of the habsburg empire from 1906 to 1912. Aehrenthal came to this position hoping to maintain good relations with Russia, where he had been ambassador since 1899. This approach was sacrificed, however, due to his determination to pursue a more dynamic policy than his predecessor, Count Gołuchowksi. Thus Aehrenthal tried to consolidate Austria's position in the balkans . Initially, he hoped that approval of Russia's patronage of bulgaria might allow him a free hand in bosnia-herzegovina . However, when the latter was formally annexed by the Austrians in 1908, Russia viewed this as a direct threat to serbia and thus to its own interests (see also izvolsky ). Aehrenthal's increasingly aggressive stance on Balkan policy played a key role in the deterioration of Austro-Russian relations that eventually led on to the julycrisis of 1914 and the outbreak of world war i . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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