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Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, Earl of

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


(1784–1860), British Prime Minister (1852–5) and Foreign Secretary (1828–30, 1841–6). He made his mark as an outstanding diplomat during the Napoleonic Wars. In his first period as foreign secretary he assisted the cause of independence for greece . During the second he achieved improved relations with France, and ended the conflict with China by the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 which opened up that country to British trade and provided a lease on Hong Kong. Such successes augured well for his premiership which began in 1852. However, his administration, which comprised a number of talented if temperamental individuals, fell victim to the criticisms of the incompetence and corruption exposed during the crimean war , and he resigned in 1855. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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