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Andrássy, Count Gyula

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Name borne by two notable Hungarian politicians. Following the ausgleich in the habsburg empire , the elder Andrássy (1823–90) was the first prime minister of hungary (1867–71) and then foreign minister of the Dual Monarchy (1871–9). This Andrássy was a supporter of kossuth both in the Diet of 1847 and during the Hungarian revolution of 1848–9 (see revolutions of 1848–9). Sentenced to death in absentia , he remained in exile until given an amnesty in 1858. By this stage Andrássy had broken with Kossuth and moved into the more moderate camp of deák that was prepared to compromise with the Habsburg dynasty in return for concessions to Hungary. As prime minister, Andrássy sought to defend the Hungarian – or rather the Magyar – interest within the Dual Monarchy; as foreign minister, he was eager to avoid revengeful confrontation with Prussia, and, after 1871, sought good relations with bismarck's newly-established german empire (see also dual alliance ). He was also responsible for an increasing Habsburg focus on the balkans . The younger Andrássy (1860–1929) was the son of the above. In the 1890s he emerged as a fierce champion of the Ausgleich . Interior Minister of Hungary from 1900, he fell out with the autocratic prime minister Count Istvan tisza and left his Liberal Party in 1904. The following year he founded the Constitutional Party, which formed part of ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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