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Andreotti, Giulio


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Extract

(1919-), Italian Prime Minister (1972–3, 1976–9, 1989–92). Born in Rome, he studied for the bar before involving himself in politics and becoming president of the Catholic Action student movement in 1942. After World War II he joined the Christian Democratic Party (see christian democracy ) and quickly rose to prominence under de gasperi . Until his retirement from active politics in 1992, he served in virtually every post-war Italian cabinet, holding the portfolios of foreign affairs (1983–9), defense (1959–66, 1974), and the interior (1954, 1978). His survival indicated that Italian liberal democracy was not as unstable as sometimes supposed, but it also raised questions about corruption. In 1996 he was charged with involvement in the 1979 murder of Mino Pecorelli, a journalist who had been about to publish damning criticism of him by the former prime minister, moro . Andreotti was initially acquitted in 1999. After a prosecution appeal he was then sentenced in 2002 to 24 years' detention, but finally managed to secure a second acquittal in 2003. In that same year he also stood trial in Sicily for alleged mafia connections, eventually walking free partly because several of the charges violated a statute of limitations. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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