Full Text

Antonescu, Ion


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Extract

(1886–1946), Prime Minister of romania (1940–4). Born of middle-class parentage, he entered the army and served with distinction in World War I. In 1932 he was appointed minister of war, and in September 1940 became premier on the abdication of King carol ii , who was succeeded by Michael I. The new king's powers were largely ceremonial. Real authority lay with Antonescu who had himself appointed Conducǎtor (Leader). His dictatorship operated initially with the support of the iron guard , though this movement was suppressed in early 1941 for fear that it might become a state within a state. In foreign policy Antonescu took Romania firmly into the German camp, and he personally took part in Operation barbarossa , helping to reconquer Bessarabia and bukovina which had been lost to the soviet union in June 1940. Antonescu's popularity declined steeply in 1943 when Romanian armies suffered heavy losses inside the USSR (see also stalingrad , battle of ). There was also growing disquiet at internal repressive measures, which resulted in the murder of 350,000 jews and Gypsies. Aware of the way in which the war was turning, in 1943 Antonescu attempted peace negotiations with the Allies, but could not agree terms. In August 1944, with the red army close by, King Michael had Antonescu arrested, and sought an armistice. Two years later, Antonescu was tried for treason and ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top