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Armenian genocide


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


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Massacres conducted within the Ottoman empire (see turkey and europe ) during world war i . Early in 1915 the Turkish authorities ordered the enforced migration or deportation of large numbers of their own Christian Armenian population to Syria and Palestine, and it is now reliably estimated that at least 1 million victims were killed during this process. These actions, though viewed by Turkey as an entirely domestic matter, were promptly condemned by the Allies as “crimes against humanity and civilization.” Attempts made during the paris peace settlement to bring the perpetrators to justice had only marginal effect, and this failure deepened when the new atatürk regime repudiated the 1920 sèvres treaty and obtained less humiliating terms through the lausanne treaty of 1923. Thus the latter included a blanket “amnesty” for the whole period 1914–22. By 1939 international amnesia was such that hitler , already developing other plans for mass killing, could reassure his generals by noting the silence which now surrounded the fate of these Armenians. In more recent times, however, the massacres have received renewed attention, becoming generally viewed outside Turkey as a campaign of genocidal intent that pre-dated nazism's bid for a “ final solution ” to the Jewish question. The attempts of successive Turkish governments to discredit or suppress such discourse have become ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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