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Curzon line

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


This frontier, separating poland from the territory claimed by the new Bolshevik regime in Russia (see bolsheviks ), was first suggested by the Allied Supreme Council in December 1919. The idea soon became associated with the name of Lord Curzon, the British foreign secretary, who in 1920 revived it as a means of brokering an armistice in the russo-polish war . The line itself roughly corresponded to that used in the Third Partition of Poland (1795), and ran from Grodno to the Carpathians. It was never acceptable to the Poles. In the Treaty of Riga (1921), ending their conflict with the Soviet regime, they affronted Moscow by managing to secure a border well to the east of what had been earlier proposed. Later, however, the nazi-soviet pact of 1939 largely adopted the Curzon line as the boundary between the imminent Russian and German occupations of Polish territory. During world war ii , stalin continued to promote the Curzon solution in his negotiations over the future shape of eastern Europe. It was broadly accepted at the yalta conference , much to the dismay of the Poles, and the border was duly confirmed in a treaty of August 16, 1945. Poland was partly compensated by the gains of former German territory that were involved in the creation of its new western frontier, running along the oder-neisse line . ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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