Full Text

Carol II


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Extract

(1893–1953), King of romania (1930–40). Because of his rakish lifestyle, he seemed unlikely to inherit the throne. During World War I he deserted to abscond with a lover whom he married in secret, causing a scandal. Divorced in 1921, he remarried, only to elope to Paris with yet another woman. In 1925 he was forced to renounce succession to the kingship in favor of his son, Michael, who came to the throne two years later. In 1930 Carol returned from exile, supplanted the regency council governing in Michael's name, and appointed himself king. Although in some respects he appeared the best man to end political infighting and alleviate the effects of the great depression [2], his political incompetence did little to rejuvenate parliamentary democracy and instead helped the rise of the fascist iron guard . A violent power struggle ensued, which forced Carol to institute a royal dictatorship in 1938. By then, he was being drawn into a vexed relationship with hitler's Germany, on which Romania depended for economic aid and security against the Soviet Union. This failed to preserve his country's territorial integrity. In June 1940, the Germans pressured Carol into yielding Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to stalin , as previously plotted through the nazi-soviet pact . Further land was sacrificed to Hungary and Bulgaria. Overall, a third of Romania was lost, together with three ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top