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Catalonia


Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


Extract

Region of north-eastern spain . Its strong tradition of separatism (see also basques ; galicia [2]) has been much reinforced by the preservation of Catalan as a distinctive language combining elements of Provençal with Castilian Spanish. During the nineteenth century Catalonia witnessed a literary and cultural Renaixença (“Renaissance”) closely associated with romanticism and liberalism , while the decades around 1900 saw its intellectuals and artists making a notable contribution to a wider European modernism . By the turn of the century the region was also notable as a focal point of industrialization and of political radicalism. In 1932, under the new second republic , it succeeded in winning a modest measure of formal autonomy from Madrid. When the spanish civil war broke out four years later, most of its inhabitants supported the Republican cause, and sustained the struggle against the Nationalists until early in 1939. Thereafter the victorious franco dictatorship endeavoured to erode Catalan identity, and particularly to weaken usage of the regional language. However, following the restoration of democracy in Spain, Catalonia achieved statutory endorsement as an “Autonomous Community” in 1979. The arrangements included recognition of Catalan as its official language, alongside Spanish, and the revised provisions of 2006 further enlarged the autonomy of this ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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