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Caetano, Marcello

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


(1906–80), Prime Minister of portugal (1968–74). As a lawyer loyal to salazar , he assisted in drafting the semi-fascist (see fascism ) constitution associated with the estado novo . He was subsequently minister for colonies (1944–7), and deputy premier in the mid-1950s. After a period heading Lisbon University, he returned to political prominence in 1968 as Salazar's successor. While conceding some measure of economic liberalization, Caetano proved unyielding in his political authoritarianism and in his determination to defy the currents of decolonization eroding European imperial power. The human and material cost of Portugal's continuing colonial wars in Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea brought strains that eventually triggered a successful military coup against him. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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