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Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


The loose confederation (see federalism [1]) created by most of the constituent elements of the former soviet union when the latter was finally dissolved in December 1991. The newly sovereign countries most prominent in the formation of this CIS were Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine. Conversely the three Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania refused to participate. Georgia joined in 1993, but, after the brief South Ossetian conflict with Russian forces in 2008, gave notice of its intention to withdraw from the CIS with effect from 2009. The organization's principal spheres of coordinating activity have related to trade, finance, security, and prevention of cross-border crime. ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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