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corporate state

Subject History

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405189224.2011.x


System of government that claims to achieve due political representation through substantial reference to economic and other functional interest groups rather than simply to more conventional structures based on localities and direct individual suffrage. During the papacy of leo xiii (1878–1903) the corporatist ideal was revived as a leading feature of social catholicism . Around the same time but from a different direction, it was further promoted by the rise of trade unionism . In the 1920s and 1930s, and especially as the great depression [2] took its hold on Europe, corporatism continued to appeal to many of those who sought a “third way” between the extremes of communism and of unfettered capitalism . It was most clearly favored within the context of Italian fascism . Under the Rocco Law of 1926 mussolini's regime banned strikes and lockouts, and organized different branches of industry into “syndicates” that included representatives from both workers and bosses. The state arbitrated in any major disputes, though it was generally perceived that corporatism was mainly a front for the interests of big business. Other right-wing authoritarian states – notably salazar's Portugal, franco's Spain, and pétain's France – also experimented with corporatism, yet once again it was little more than an attempt to break the power of labor. Though tainted by its fascist associations, ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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