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Drant, Thomas

FRED SCHURINK


Subject Literature » Renaissance Literature

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405194495.2012.x


Extract

Thomas Drant (c.1540–78) was born in Hagworthingham, Lincolnshire, the son of a farmer. He matriculated at St John's College, Cambridge in 1558 and received his BA in 1561, MA in 1564, and BD in 1569, having been appointed a fellow of the college in 1561. During the 1560s, Drant acted as domestic chaplain for Edmund Grindal, bishop of London, and towards the end of the decade he left Cambridge for a successful career as a Church of England clergyman, holding the position of archdeacon of Lewes, Sussex, from 1570 to his death in 1578. His main significance for literary history is as the first English translator of Horace's Satires, Epistles , and Art of poetry (1566–67), but he also contributed to debates over quantitative verse in English in the 1570s and wrote a number of other works in English and neo-Latin. Drant's translation of Horace's Satires was published alongside an English version of the Old Testament book of Lamentations and occasional poems in English and Latin as A medicinable morall (1566). He explicitly connects the two verse translations in the volume, claiming that whereas the prophet Jeremiah (to whom Lamentations is attributed) weeps at sin, Horace laughs at it. This notion reflects Drant's understanding of the genre of satire as a scathing attack on the iniquity of humankind and of Horace's poems as straightforward condemnations of vice rather than the ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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