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13. Forms of Address

BOB DE JONGE and Dorien Nieuwenhuijsen

Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Morphology

Key-Topics grammar, variation

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00015.x


The formation of the pronominal system of the forms of address in Modern Spanish is characterized by a series of changes through the history of the Spanish language. The main goal of this chapter is to describe and explain the uses of the forms of address through the centuries until the present time. In this introduction, we will give an overview of the forms of address in Old Spanish and in Modern Peninsular Spanish (Section 1.1) followed by an account of the forms of address in Latin American Spanish (Section 1.2). Section 2 discusses the historical origins of the forms of address; in Sections 3 and 4, we discuss specific characteristics of the forms of address in Spain and in Latin America, respectively. The pronominal system of the forms of address in Old Spanish is presented in Table 13.1 , below. Distinctions are made between forms for subject and object of a preposition (stressed forms) and oblique forms for direct and indirect object (unstressed forms). Noteworthy is the fact that different forms are used as an object of the preposition con ‘with’: contigo and convusco . These forms originated in the Latin tecum ‘you (sg.) with’ and voscum , ‘you (pl.) with,’ which through a number of (phonological) changes became tigo and vusco . Because these forms were hardly recognizable as containing the original Latin preposition cum , the Spanish result of it, con , ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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