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14. Structure of the Noun Phrase

M. CARME PICALLO


Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Syntax

Key-Topics grammar

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00016.x


Extract

This chapter discusses several issues concerning the syntax of Spanish noun phrases. These are structures headed by a noun, its extended projections and its arguments or modifiers, if any. The strings within brackets in (1a–f) instantiate noun phrases: (1) a. [El anillo] estaba escondido ‘The ring was hidden.’ b. De allí colgaban [tres hermosos grabados de Piranesi] from there hung [three beautiful engravings by Piranesi] Three beautiful engravings by Piranesi were hanging from there.’ c. No quería recordar [el bombardeo del puente] not wanted to remember [the bombardment of the bridge] S/he did not want to remember the bombardment of the bridge.’ d. [Todos los comentarios] son bienvenidos ‘All comments are welcome.’ e. [El que te dejé] se ha roto ‘The (one) that I lent you is broken.’ f. Sólo vi a [la de Banyoles] ‘(I) only saw the (one) from Banyoles.’ g. [La roja] era la más vistosa ‘The red (one) was the most colorful.’ In these examples, the lexical head of the construction is a noun. It can be either overt, as in (1a–d), or it can be phonologically null in Spanish, as in (1e–g). As shown, the noun may appear with a series of phrasal complements or elements of various types (adjectives, quantifiers or determiners, among others) that may precede or follow it. Studies on the denotation and properties of noun phrases have a long tradition in Philosophy and Linguistics. In ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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