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24. Coordination and Subordination


Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Syntax

Key-Topics grammar

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00026.x


The junction of two finite clauses may involve a certain number of restrictions which make one of the joined clauses a less autonomous syntactic object. As a starting point, let us take a simple declarative clause: (1) No me ha gustado neg cl has liked ‘I didn't like it’ Example (1) can stand by itself, and it is an assertion that contributes a new proposition to the common ground. An assertion requires a context of utterance, characterized by a set of indexical parameters, the so-called Kaplanian parameters. Those indexical parameters include at least a speaker (s), an addressee (h), the utterance time (UT), and an (actual) world-index (w 0 ). Ascribing the saying represented in (1) to someone else, as in (2), requires a certain degree of manipulation. The clitic pronoun in the embedded clause is not directly anchored to the speaker (s) indexical parameter, as in (1), but to the subject of the verb say (for reported discourse in Spanish, see Maldonado 1991, 1999 ). (2) Juan dice que no le ha gustado Juan says that neg cl has liked ‘Juan says that he did not like it’ This asymmetry regarding the speaker parameter can be reproduced with other indexical parameters. In what is called the Double Access Reading ( Abusch 1997 ), the temporal location of an embedded present tense depends on both the utterance time and the time of the matrix verb. (For a general discussion of ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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