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25. Wh-movement: Interrogatives, Exclamatives, and Relatives


Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Syntax

Key-Topics grammar

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00027.x


Movement is a metaphor for a syntactic configuration in which a syntactic object surfaces in a position where it is not ultimately interpreted. There are a number of movement-related constructions that have generated a large base of descriptive and theoretical research on language in general, and Spanish in particular: left and right dislocation ( Contreras 1976 ; Rivero 1980 ; Villalba 2000 ; López 2003 ), scrambling phenomena ( Ordógñez 1998 ), focus movement ( Zubizarreta 1998 ), etc. In this chapter I will focus on one type – Wh-movement – and provide a descriptive overview capturing the lexical, syntactic, and semantic variation across the syntax of Spanish. I will also review theoretical approaches addressing previous and ongoing research in the area. The study of Wh-movement has primarily focused on Interrogatives (1) in the theoretical literature, where Spanish has offered key comparative linguistic data. (1) ¿Qué tienes? ‘What do you have?’ However, in this chapter I will expand our exploration to include a discussion of Wh-movement in its broader sense, including Exclamatives (2) and Relative Clauses (3), in order to provide a more comprehensive look at the continuities and discontinuities that characterize Wh-movement in a range of syntactic contexts. (2) ¡Qué inteligente es Pedro! ‘How intelligente Pedro is!’ (3) Esos libros que me compraste ayer, los voy a ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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