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26. Binding: Deixis, Anaphors, Pronominals

LUIS EGUREN


Subject Theoretical Linguistics » Syntax

Key-Topics anaphora, generative grammar, grammar

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00028.x


Extract

This chapter offers an overview of the state of the art on the topics of binding and deixis in Spanish, centering on a number of constructions and phenomena that are characteristic of this language. In all cases, relevant facts will be presented, main accounts of those facts will be reviewed, and open issues will be outlined. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2 is concerned with deixis, focusing on demonstratives, a class of Spanish indexicals with idiosyncratic properties. Section 3 briefly introduces Binding Theory, and aims to help the general reader follow the discussion in the rest of the chapter. Sections 4 and 5 are devoted to the description and analysis of some distinctive features of Spanish ‘anaphors’ and ‘pronominals,’ two terms that are to be understood here as in the generative tradition. Finally, Section 6 addresses the issue of the complementary distribution of these two types of nominal expressions. Spanish has a three-term system of demonstrative determiners and pronouns: este-ese-aquel ‘this-that-that yonder’ (with their corresponding variants in gender and number). It also instantiates a series of neuter pronouns ( esto-eso-aquello ) for abstract deixis and anaphora. With respect to spatial deixis, this tripartite system is commonly characterized in terms of positional reference to the participants of the utterance, so that este indicates proximity ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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