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38. Reading Words and Sentences in Spanish

MANUEL CARREIRAS, JON ANDONI DU√ĎABEITIA and NICOLA MOLINARO


Subject Linguistics » Psycholinguistics
Speech Science » Perception

Key-Topics processing

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00040.x


Extract

The aim of this chapter is to sketch an overview of the research that has been carried out on reading in Spanish at the word and sentence level. The study of Spanish psycholinguistics has played an important role in the converging evidence supporting current theories of processing at the word and sentence level. Moreover, it has also challenged the enduring bias toward models of language processing based on data collected exclusively from the English language. This has also contributed to the larger goal of moving towards a comprehensive theory of language processing that is built on data that are not language specific, while taking into consideration specific language features that can modulate processing. The main subtopics addressed and the main findings from Spanish psycholinguistic research will be described. The first half of the chapter will be devoted to the recognition of printed words, while the second part will describe the research on sentence processing. Efficient reading is based on the correct recognition and processing of individual printed words, which constitute the primary building blocks of language processing, and on the assembly of the words into phrases and sentences. Research on visual word recognition in Spanish can help to characterize the universal and the language-specific mechanisms of word recognition. In this chapter, we will refer to some of the unique ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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