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39. Language Impairments

JOSÉ MANUEL IGOA


Subject Linguistics » Psycholinguistics

Key-Topics impairment

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781405198820.2012.00041.x


Extract

The reader may wonder what the point is of including a chapter on language impairments in a text on Hispanic linguistics. The coverage of such a topic in this book might suggest that there are particular disturbances or specific symptoms therein associated with the Spanish language in contrast to those found in other languages. If such were the case, we should ask what the distinguishing characteristics of language breakdown are in Spanish-speaking populations, and more importantly, what reasons could be given to account for these idiosyncrasies. The aim of this chapter is to disclose the most relevant findings drawn from research on language impairments in Spanish speaking populations in order to emphasize the most salient features of such impairments that can be traced down to specific characteristics of the Spanish grammar and its various components: namely, phonology, morphology, and syntax. This, of course, does not imply that the patterns of language breakdown are entirely dependent on the features of particular grammars. It is widely assumed that the general design of the neurocognitive architecture of the language faculty is the same for every language and every speaker. However, as we will see, the ways in which language deficits surface in the form of symptoms differ from one language to another as a function of the options that each grammar makes available to its users ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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