Full Text

Chapter Ten. George Washington at New York: The Campaign of 1776

Barnet Schecter


Subject History » Military History

Place Americas » Northern America

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1700-1799

Key-Topics American War of Independence

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444331035.2012.00012.x


Extract

Washington had begun to focus his attention on New York long before he arrived in the city from Boston on April 13, 1776. A year earlier, in the summer of 1775, Washington had gathered intelligence and given approval for Benedict Arnold's trek through the Maine wilderness with a thousand men to capture Quebec, part of a two-pronged American invasion designed to secure Canada as a fourteenth colony. This would seal off access from the north to the Lake Champlain-Hudson River corridor against a British invasion. Washington assumed correctly that the British hoped to capture New York City while sending a second force down from Canada. The two armies would rendezvous at Albany to seize control of the Hudson, severing communications between New England and the colonies west and south of the river, and crushing the American rebellion. According to one member of Congress, New York and Canada were “the openings through which America may, by able fencers, receive the worst wounds” (LDC, 2:159, 3:215). Washington sent Arnold's force in part to divert the British from the army under General Richard Montgomery that Congress had dispatched from Fort Ticonderoga toward St. Johns, Chambly, and Montreal on its way to seize Quebec. When the invasion of Canada collapsed in the spring of 1776, Washington was forced to dilute his force of 23,000 men at the mouth of the Hudson by sending ten regiments ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:

 

     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.


[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top