Full Text

Chapter Twenty. America's First Intervention in European Politics: Theodore Roosevelt and the European Crisis of 1905–1906

Douglas Eden

Subject History » International History
Political History » Diplomacy and International Relations

Place Europe

Period 1000 - 1999 » 1900-1999

People Roosevelt, Theodore

Key-Topics colonialism, commerce, trade, war

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444331400.2011.00022.x


It is remarkable that a significant centenary in American-European relations passed unobserved by historians in 2005–2006: the first intervention by the United States in European affairs, commonly known as “The First Moroccan Crisis.” Until 1898, the United States was preoccupied with continental expansion, and her sense of national security extended no further than the Western Hemisphere. The 1898 war over Cuba with Spain incidentally led to acquisition of the Philippines and Hawaii and lasting commitment outside her own hemisphere for the first time. This led, in 1905, to President Roosevelt's involvement in negotiating peace between Russia and Japan and, in 1907, to his direction of America's first great naval fleet to tour the world, visiting Tokyo first. Most histories mentioning US foreign policy in the Roosevelt years have concerned themselves with TR's policies in the Western Hemisphere, the Pacific and the Far East. Kathleen Burk's 2007 history of Anglo-American relations hardly mentioned his European policy at all. Yet, during 1905–1906, through TR's personal diplomacy, the United States intervened with intent in European power politics for the first time, and to great effect. America was already the world's pre-eminent economic power, although she had not yet fully mobilized her immense economic strength into military potential for projection overseas. In 1901, she already ... log in or subscribe to read full text

Log In

You are not currently logged-in to Blackwell Reference Online

If your institution has a subscription, you can log in here:


     Forgotten your password?

Find out how to subscribe.

Your library does not have access to this title. Please contact your librarian to arrange access.

[ access key 0 : accessibility information including access key list ] [ access key 1 : home page ] [ access key 2 : skip navigation ] [ access key 6 : help ] [ access key 9 : contact us ] [ access key 0 : accessibility statement ]

Blackwell Publishing Home Page

Blackwell Reference Online ® is a Blackwell Publishing Inc. registered trademark
Technology partner: Semantico Ltd.

Blackwell Publishing and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held in Blackwell Reference Online. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without Blackwell Publishing's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with Blackwell Publishing or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Back to Top