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International Organization and Human Development

David C. Ellis


Subject Geography » Development
International Studies » International Organization

Key-Topics human security, social policy

DOI: 10.1111/b.9781444336597.2010.x


Extract

Comment on this article   “Human development” now serves as the centerpiece of contemporary thought on the factors necessary for individual and national development. Although there is no specific definition for the human development framework, it can be conceived of as the process of “enlarging people's choices and enhancing human capabilities […] and freedoms” ( Poverty and Human Development 1980 ) by providing for social progress, economic growth, human and economic efficiency, political and economic equity, political participation and freedom, ecological and economic sustainability, and physical and financial human security (ibid.: Origins of Human Development). It is altogether fitting that international organizations (IOs) are in part credited with forming the intellectual foundation for the human development approach. Oftentimes, it was dedicated development professionals who discerned the linkages among the factors underlying human development by identifying and writing about the intrinsic economic and political deficiencies of state-centric growth planning ( Poverty and Human Development 1980 : for example, ch. 2; Murphy 2006 :232–50). Human development as a concept seeks to make individuals the driving force behind state development as opposed to traditional development thought which makes individuals the fortunate beneficiaries of state development. As the definition ... log in or subscribe to read full text

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